Bacterial and Yeast Infections in Dogs

If your dog has a skin infection it can be classified as bacterial or yeast. Infections can be treated easily once you know what type of infection your dog has.

First its important to recognize the signs of infection on your dog. Here are some things to look for:

Bacterial (Pyoderma) Infection

  • Pustules – Bumps, Pimples, large blemishes or blisters
  • Dry flaky or crusted skin
  • Hair loss
  • Licking an isolated area of the body, scratching an isolated area of the body or rubbing the area against things.
  • Discharge from the area that may be yellow or greenish in color

Fungal (yeast) Infection

  • Strange smell
  • Licking an isolated area of the body,
  • Head shaking, scratching an isolated area of the body or rubbing the area against things.
  • Holding the head to one side

Is my dog at risk?

Bacterial infections (Pyoderma)

Bacterial infections can occur on the surface of a dog’s skin, or in cuts or wounds on your pet. Any dog can get a bacterial infection but some breeds are more prone to them such as:

  • Short hair German Shepard’s
  • Dogs with deep skin folds
  • Breeds with pressure calluses – Calluses on a dog’s elbows, hips or other area of the body often caused by sleeping on hard surfaces.

Dogs will also have a higher risk of developing an infection if they already have complications such as allergies, hyperthyroidism or have a fungal infection.

Bacterial infections are easy to treat and most dogs can go home the same day they are diagnosed. Often your vet will treat the infection with an external topical medication and an antibiotic.

Yeast Infections

Yeast infections form when the normal balance of candid in the dog’s body is off. It occurs when there is an overgrowth of Candida in your dog’s body. Your dog doesn’t need to be sick for this to happen and it can occur at any stage in your pet’s life.
The most common yeast infections for dogs are:

  • Ear Infections – look for head shaking or ear scratching and rubbing, bad smells
  • Oral or mouth infections – look for drooling.
  • Bladder / urinary infection – fever, skin irritations, open sores

What to expect from your vet:

Your vet may do a biopsy to confirm if your dog has a bacterial, yeast or both infections. Yes, your dog can have a mix of bacterial and yeast infections. Other tests may include a urine sample, mouth swabs or ear swabs depending on the location of the infection. The exact treatment will also depend on the location of the infection. In our personal experience our pets have been given creams, drops and pills to cure yeast infections.

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